your question how long does it take to cook a 6 pound pork roast

How Long Does It Take to Cook a 6-Pound Pork Roast?

Cooking a perfect piece of pork roast is an art that requires knowledge of timing and temperature. The cooking time, degree of doneness, and the method used are some of the factors that determine the final outcome of the dish. In this article, we will explore all you need to know about cooking a 6-pound pork roast – from the factors affecting cooking time, different methods used, checking internal temperature, down to resting and serving the pork roast.

Factors that Affect Cooking Time

The cooking time for a 6-pound pork roast can be influenced by various factors. Some of these factors include:

Type of Oven Used

Whether you are using an electric or a gas oven can affect your cooking time. An electric oven heats up faster than a gas oven because it has fewer openings for heat to escape. As such, dinner cooked in a gas oven tends to take longer than one cooked in an electric oven. To adjust the cooking time for a gas oven, you will need to increase it by at least 5-8 minutes per pound.

Starting Temperature of Pork Roast

If you place your cold pork roast into a hot oven, it can cause uneven cooking and potentially result in dry and chewy meat on the outside with raw or undercooked meat on the inside. Therefore, it’s essential to bring it to room temperature before putting it in an oven. This can be done by leaving it out on a countertop for at least 30 minutes or microwaving it for about 30 seconds per pound.

Thickness and Shape of Pork Roast

The thickness and shape of your pork roast will also determine the cooking time. If you have a thicker piece of roast, the inside will take longer to cook than thinner slices. Similarly, if your pork roast is round or a ball shape, it will take longer to cook due to its size and shape. Therefore, you will need to adjust your cooking time based on the thickness and shape of your pork roast.

Desired Doneness of Pork Roast

The level of doneness you desire will also determine the cooking time for your pork roast. Below are the different levels of pork doneness and their corresponding internal temperatures:

  • Medium-rare: 135 °F or 57°C
  • Medium: 145 °F or 63°C
  • Medium-well: 150 °F or 66°C
  • Well done: 160 °F or 71°C

Preparing Pork Roast for Cooking

Before putting your pork roast in an oven, it is essential to prepare it properly by cleaning and seasoning it. Follow the steps below to prepare your pork for cooking:

  1. Remove packaging from the meat and pat it dry with paper towels.
  2. Sprinkle salt and other desired seasonings all over the surface of the meat.
  3. Sear the outer layer of your pork roast in a skillet with hot oil until lightly browned on all sides.
  4. Place it on a rack in a roasting pan so that all sides are exposed to heat evenly.
  5. Avoid overcrowding a roasting pan as this can cause uneven cooking.

Cooking Methods for a 6-Pound Pork Roast

There is no right or wrong method of cooking a 6-pound pork roast. The method you choose to use depends on your preference, the equipment available, and the level of doneness you desire. So let’s look at some of the methods:

Oven Method

Cooking pork roast in an oven is the most common and efficient method regardless of size. Here are the steps to follow:

  1. Preheat your oven to 350°F (175°C) for conventional ovens or 325°F (163°C) for convection ovens.
  2. Place your seasoned pork roast onto the roasting pan, fat side up, and then conduct it within the preheated oven.
  3. Cook for around 15-20 minutes per pound until it reaches your desired internal temperature.
  4. Baste pork with pan drippings or flavorings every 30 minutes as this helps retain moisture in your pig.
  5. Let your pork rest before carving.

Slow Cooker Method

Cooking pork in a slow cooker is a hands-off approach that allows you to enjoy tender and juicy pork roast without much effort. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Sprinkle salt, pepper, and other seasonings all over your seasoned pork roast.
  2. Place your seasoned pork roast into a slow cooker with a cup of water, stock, or juice.
  3. Cover with lid and set it to cook on low heat for about 8-10 hours or high heat for about 4-6 hours until internal temperature reaches your desired doneness.
  4. Baste pork with juices occasionally if desired.
  5. Let pork rest for at least 10 minutes before serving

Smoker Method

Smoking a pork roast involves adding hardwood smoke flavor to your meat while it cooks. Here’s how to do it:

  1. Soak wood chips in water for at least an hour before grilling.
  2. When your grill is at the right temperature, place the seasoned pork roast on the indirect heat side of the grille and close the lid.
  3. Add a handful of soaked wood chips to one side of the charcoal grill or smoker every hour to keep the smoke going.
  4. Cook your pork roast until it reaches an internal temperature of 145°F (63°C) or more, as required by the USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS).
  5. Let your smoked pork rest for about 10 minutes before carving/dicing.

Grill Method

Cooking pork on an open flame can create browning and add a great flavor to your meat. Follow these steps to grill a 6-pound piece of pork:

  1. Preheat grill to medium-high heat.
  2. Spray your seasoned pork roast lightly with oil before placing it onto the hot grill. Let it cook for about 5 minutes on one side until some searing occurs.
  3. Turn your pig over and cook for another 8-12 minutes, flip and alternate sides occasionally until an internal temperature of 145°F (63°C) is reached as required by the USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS).
  4. Baste pork with juices or sauce as desired to retain moisture and flavor.
  5. Let pork rest for about 10 minutes before carving to absorb the juices and stay moist.

Checking Internal Temperature

The only way to determine the doneness of your pork roast is by checking its internal temperature using a meat thermometer. The thermometer should be inserted into the thickest part of the meat. Below are the recommended minimum internal temperatures for different degrees of doneness:

  • Medium-rare: 135 °F or 57°C
  • Medium: 145 °F or 63°C
  • Medium-well: 150 °F or 66°C
  • Well done: 160 °F or 71°C

Resting and Serving Pork Roast

Letting your pork rest before carving/serving allows juices to settle and become evenly distributed, resulting in tender and juicy meat. It is recommended that you let your roast rest for at least ten minutes before carving it. Here are some tips on how to carver.

  • Cut off any twine used to tie the roast together (if applicable)
  • Cut away any large pieces of fat, but leave small pieces to add flavor.
  • Make slices against the grain to make it easier to chew.
  • If you have a bone-in pork roast, cut it along the bone into serving pieces.
  • Serve hot with your preferred accompaniments, such as roasted veggies, sauces, or salads.


Cooking a 6-pound pork roast is all about timing and temperature, as well as the desired level of doneness. To achieve the best results, you need to take into account various factors like the type of oven used, starting temperature, shape and thickness. After that, you can select cooking methods such as oven roasting, slow cooking, smoking or grilling depending on your preference and equipment. Checking internal temperature using a meat thermometer is vital to ensure even cooking. Once done, let your pork rest before carving and enjoy a delicious meal.

What temperature should I set my oven for a 6-pound pork roast?

For a 6-pound pork roast, it is recommended that you set your oven temperature to 350°F. This will ensure that your pork roast cooks evenly and thoroughly.

How long should I cook a 6-pound pork roast?

It typically takes about 20 to 25 minutes per pound to cook a pork roast, so for a 6-pound pork roast, it should take approximately 2.5 to 3 hours. However, always use a meat thermometer to ensure that the internal temperature of the pork reaches at least 145°F.

Should I cover my pork roast while it’s cooking?

Yes, it is best to cover your pork roast with foil or a lid while it’s cooking. This will help retain moisture and allow the pork to cook evenly. About halfway through the cooking time, remove the foil or lid to allow the top of the pork to brown.

How do I know when my pork roast is done cooking?

Use a meat thermometer to check the internal temperature of the pork. Once the temperature reaches at least 145°F, your pork is safe to eat. Keep in mind that it’s okay for your pork roast to be slightly pink in the middle, as long as it has reached a safe internal temperature. Let the pork rest for about 15 minutes before slicing and serving.

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